Phobias: Specific Fears Attached to Palces, Objects or Situations
If I ask you to imagine yourself in an open space with lots and lots of people around you that there is barely any place to go, do you get out of breathe and feel a very long lasting sensation of panicking and becoming anxious? If so, you might be suffering from some type of phobia. The term phobia comes from the ancient Greek and it means fear. This word has been adopted in the medical world to describe a very uncomfortable, destabilizing and anxious feeling that lasts for quite a long time. A phobia can be distinguished from an anxiety because the latter only lasts for a brief moment, whereas the former can last for a long time. For example, you might be anxious of speaking in public, but then once you start your speech the anxiety goes away and you are able to go on with your project. However, if you suffer from some type of phobia, the stress and anxiety combined to the uncontrollable fear of stepping on stage and start talking will actually prevent you from going on with your day and will affect your life in a deep and frightening way.
Different types of Phobias
Although the term phobia seems to be very specific, it is indeed only considered to be a generalized term that holds a wide range of different types of phobias within the category. A phobia is caused by experiencing first hand, or sometimes even by simply thinking and imagining a situation that causes an immediate nervous reaction even though the situation itself in really poses little to no danger at all to the person who experiences it. Here is a list of some of the most common phobias people can suffer from:
· Claustrophobia: fear of being in a closed and narrow space
· Zoophobia: fear of animals, most likely of spiders, snakes, dogs and mice.
· Acrophobia: fear of heights
· Aviophobia: fear of flying
· Hydrophobia: fear of water
· Agoraphobia: fear of open space
· Social phobia: fear of being involved in any type of social interaction
There are indeed many more types of phobias people suffer from, such as the fear of dentists, storms, elevators, injections, tunnels and bridges.
Symptoms experienced when suffering from any type of phobia
It really does not matter what type of phobia you might be suffering from, because it has been studied that the symptoms are basically the same whether you are scared of heights or can’t stand the site of a spider. These are some of the most common symptoms:
· Panic attack
On top of these physical symptoms, sufferers are also known for avoiding the situation that causes them the phobia all together. In the most severe cases, however, this can become such an intense and extreme avoidance that it prevents the person from living his/her life as a normal human being should be able to.